On 25 March 2021, the Syrian President passed Law No. 13, which contains the new Civil Status Act, based on what was passed by the Syrian Parliament at its meeting on 1 March 2021. The law consists of (12) chapters and (79) articles, replacing legislative decree No. (26) of 2007.
The new Law raised many questions and concerns expressed by Syrian human rights activists about the identification papers of displaced Syrians and refugees unable to return to areas controlled by the Syrian government, where a number of articles of the new law raised these concerns, particularly those related to the need to change personal identity, record deaths in prisons and grant citizenship.