Many events that have taken place in Deir Ezzor governorate since the beginning of 2020, some of which have had a direct and significant impact on the daily lives of the population, COVID-19 pandemic and the ban imposed on the movement of people, the repercussions of Caesar Act and the decline in the exchange rate of the Syrian pound have led to further decline in living conditions and emergence of demonstrations in different areas.
These events prompted the Autonomous Administration to react, economically, raising the wages of employees of its institutions, and as for security, it tightened its security grip to block repeated demonstrations by threatening those participating and organizing demonstrations, while continuing the policy of running ahead and not listening to the demands of the demonstrators.
Targeting the Autonomous Administration workers and activists has increased the already existing congestion among a number of villages, and the proliferation of weapons among residents has played a role in increasing fears of new societal explosions.
The lack of intervention by the dominant forces to control security prompts local efforts to play a mediating role between the warring parties, as happened in a bloody fighting between two clans in the north of Deir Ezzor.
Recent events have affected the activity of civil society organizations, where their activities have been banned for a period and many are reluctant to operate in some unstable areas, from a security perspective.
The Syrian government apparatuses have reached the stage of inability to provide solutions and only to call for patience and resilience in the face of poverty and the prevalence of crime in their areas of control in Deir Ezzor, and the monopoly of basic foodstuffs by merchants along with the organized extortion of security and military apparatuses, especially with the suspension of the monthly salaries of a number of military groups that fought alongside Syrian government forces.
This paper focuses on the security, service, living and health conditions in key areas of Deir Ezzor governorate. Information stated in this paper is a summary of the documentation made by JFL in the cities of Deir Ezzor and Al-Mayadin, which are under the control of the Syrian government, and the areas of Al-Kasra and Hajeen under the control of the SDF.